The current largely centralized energy supply system majorily uses non-renewable sources which results in environmental degeneration and high energy losses in power transmission due to large physical distances between generation and consumption sites. The increasing integration of renewable energy sources (RES) into the energy system is the solution to this environmental energy crisis. However, existing wholesale markets lack the ability to react in (near) real time to the volatility and intermittent generation of RES. Microgrid energy markets allow small-scale participants, i.\,e. consumers and prosumers (consumers that are also producers), to actively trade energy within their community at (near) real time pricing and facilitate a sustainable, reliable and local balance of energy supply and demand as a viable option for dynamically integrating distributed renewable energy generation into the current energy system. However, these new market approaches have to reflect the locality of their services to integrate the increasing amount of distributed RES into the energy system.
However, the public acceptance of renewable energies and the German “Energiewende” as well as the general notion of local energy markets still need to be further researched. Using an existing panel of participants, this thesis designs, organizes, executes and evaluates a customer survey of potential market participants of local energy markets. Firstly, the overall propulsion of participating in local energy markets shall be evaluated. In a second step, the mitigating effects of local markets towards the acceptance of distributed renewable generation expansion in the community are analyzed.
Examples of publications in this area are:
- Will, C., & Schuller, A. (2016). Understanding user acceptance factors of electric vehicle smart charging. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 71, 198-214.
- Bertsch, V., Hall, M., Weinhardt, C., & Fichtner, W. (2016). Public acceptance and preferences related to renewable energy and grid expansion policy: Empirical insights for Germany. Energy, 114, 465-477.
- Tabi, A., Hille, S. L., & Wüstenhagen, R. (2014). What makes people seal the green power deal?—Customer segmentation based on choice experiment in Germany. Ecological Economics, 107, 206-215.
- Wüstenhagen, R., Wolsink, M., & Bürer, M. J. (2007). Social acceptance of renewable energy innovation: An introduction to the concept. Energy policy, 35(5), 2683-2691.
Good German and English language skills are required for this thesis. Furthermore, experience in energy economics is advantageous. For application purposes please send a short motivational letter, CV and transcript of records to firstname.lastname@example.org.