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 Dr. Dirk Neumann


Self-Organizing ICT Resource Management

For more information visit www.sorma-project.org 
During the last years, the costs for ICT infrastructures increased tremendously as a result of "one-application-one-platform" style deployment. This resulted in ICT infrastructures with extremely low system utilization and wasted resources. Examples can be found in virtually all areas of modern societies: One recent study of six corporate data centers reported that the bulk of their 1000 servers just utilized 10% to 35% of their available processing power. Another study estimated that the average capacity utilization rate of desktop computers is as low as 5%. Furthermore overcapacity can not only be observed with respect to hardware, but also to software. Highly-scalable applications can serve additional users at almost no incremental costs - hence redundant installations of the same application create unnecessary costs.

In recent times, ICT is undergoing an inevitable shift from being an asset that companies posses to being a service that companies purchase from designated utility providers. This shift will take years to enfold, but the technical building blocks have already begun to take shape. On the coat tail of this shift, the business model of utility computing or equivalently e-Business on-demand is more and more emerging. This is where SORMA comes in to play. The objective of this project is the development of a platform that allows the dynamic trading of ICT resources "on-demand". This platform is supposed to not only support the trading itself, but also the fulfillment of purchased resources. The internal resource management becomes intransparent for the users, who no longer have to be concerned on which resources their jobs are being used as long as they are performed in scope and in time. The trading of resources is deemed promising to achieve a more rigorous allocation of resources and, in summary, the project SORMA will provide the necessary tools to achieve this goal via the trading of ICT resources.



Borissov, N. 2011
Automated Bidding in Computing Service Markets - Strategies, Architectures, Protocols. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.

Stößer, J. 2009
Market-Based Scheduling in Distributed Computing Systems. Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Karlsruhe (TH). Dissertation, Referent/Betreuer: Prof. Dr. Christof Weinhardt.

Begutachtete Beiträge in Fachzeitschriften

Borissov, N.; Neumann, D.; Weinhardt, C. 2010
Automated bidding in computational markets: An application in market-based allocation of computing services. Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems Volume 21, Number 2 / September 2010. 115–142. ISSN: 1387-2532 (Print), ISSN: 1573-7454 (Online).

Stößer, J.; Neumann, D.; Weinhardt, C. 2010
Market-Based Pricing in Grids: On Strategic Manipulation and Computational Cost. European Journal of Operational Research (EJOR) 203(2). 464–475.

Weinhardt, C.; Anandasivam, A.; Blau, B.; Borissov, N.; Meinl, T.; Michalk, W.; Stößer, J. 2009
Cloud Computing–A Classification, Business Models, and Research Directions. Business and Information Systems Engineering (BISE) 1(5). 391–399. ISSN: 1867-0202.

Stößer, J.; Neumann, D. 2008
GreedEx – A Scalable Clearing Mechanism for Utility Computing. Electronic Commerce Research 8. 235–253.

Begutachtete Beiträge in Konferenz- und Sammelbänden

Borissov, N.; Caton, S.; Rana, O.; Levine, A. 2009
Message Protocols for Provisioning and Usage of Computing Services. 6th International Workshop on Grid Economics and Business Models. 160–170.

Anandasivam, A.; Buschek, S.; Buyya, R. 2009
A Heuristic Approach for Capacity Control in Clouds. Proceedings of the 11th IEEE Conference on Commerce and Enterprise Computing. 90–97.

Borissov, N. 2009
Q-Strategy: Automated Bidding and Convergence in Computational Markets. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI), collocated with IJCAI, Pasadena, California. 54–59.

Pueschel, T.; Anandasivam, A.; Buschek, S.; Neumann, D. 2009
Making Money With Clouds: Revenue Optimization Through Automated Policy Decisions. 17th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2009), Verona, Italy. 355–367.

Anandasivam, A.; Premm, M. 2009
Bid Price Control and Dynamic Pricing in Clouds. 17th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2009), Verona, Italy. 328–341.

Borissov, N.; Brunner, R.; Neumann, D.; Freitag, F.; Navarro, L.; Weinhardt, C. 2009
Fostering Efficiency of Computational Resource Allocation - Integrating Information Services into Markets. Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS’ 09). (Verona, Italy). 2048–2059.

Borissov, N.; Wirström, N. 2008
Q-Strategy: A Bidding Strategy for Market-Based Allocation of Grid Services. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2008 (Grid computing, high-performAnce and Distributed Applications (GADA'08)), Monterrey, Mexico, Nov 13 - 14, 2008. 744–761.

Nimis, J.; Anandasivam, A.; Borissov, N.; Smith, G.; Neumann, D.; Wirstroem, N.; Rosenberg, E.; Villa, M. 2008
SORMA - Business Cases for an Open Grid. The 5th International Workshop on Grid Economics and Business Models (Gecon 2008), Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. 173–184.

Borissov, N.; Anandasivam, A.; Wirström, N.; Neumann, D. 2008
Rational Bidding using Reinforcement Learning. An Application in Automated Resource Allocation. The 5th International Workshop on Grid Economics and Business Models (Gecon 2008), Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. 73–88.
Available at: click here 

Borissov, N.; Blau, B.; Neumann, D. 2008
Semi-automated Provisioning and Usage of Configurable Web Services. Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS). (Galway, Ireland). 1941–1952.

Becker, M.; Borissov, N.; Deora, V.; Rana, O.; Neumann, D. 2008
Using k-pricing for Penalty Calculation in Grid Markets. 41st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), 7-10 January 2008, Waikoloa, Big Island, Hawaii, Nominated for Best Paper Award. US. IEEE Computer Society Press. p. 97.

Püschel, T.; Borissov, N.; Macías, M.; Neumann, D.; Guitart, J.; Torres, J. 2007
Economically Enhanced Resource Management for Internet Service Utilities. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, (2007): The 8th International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering (20% Acceptance rate). 335–348.

Neumann, D.; Stößer, J.; Anandasivam, A.; Borissov, N. 2007
SORMA - Building an Open Grid Market for Grid Resource Allocation. Lecture Notes in Computer Science: The 4th International Workshop on Grid Economics and Business Models (GECON 2007), Rennes, France. 194–200.

Stößer, J.; Anandasivam, A.; Borissov, N.; Neumann, D. 2006
Economic Virtualization of ICT Infrastructures. Cracow Grid Workshop, Cracow, Poland. 392–399.

Sonstige Konferenzbeiträge (Auswahl)

Borissov, N. 2009
Engineering Strategies for Market-based Scheduling of Computing Services. Fourth International Workshop on Massively Multi-Agent Systems: Models, Methods and Tools (MMAS), in conjunction with AAMAS 2009.

Borissov, N.; Wirström, N. 2008
Q-Strategy: A Bidding Strategy and Framework for Automated Allocation of Grid Services. Ist International Workshop on Market-Based Control, Liverpool.

Neumann, D.; Borissov, N.; Stößer, J.; See, S. 2008
Best myopic vs. rational response: An evaluation of an Online Scheduling Mechanism. 70. Wissenschaftliche Jahrestagung des Verbandes der Hochschullehrer für Betriebswirtschaft. (Berlin, Germany).

Sonstige Veröffentlichungen

Villa, M.; Macias, M.; N., B.; Smith, G.; Koh, M.; Freitag, F.; Caton, S.; Anandasivam, A. 2009
D5.3 integrated sorma system & system manual.. Technical report, SORMA Consortium, EU-Project.

Borissov, N. 2009
D8.9 - 3th Periodic Management Report. Management and Finance Report, IST-FP6-034286 SORMA.

Borissov, N. 2008
D8.6 - 2nd Periodic Management Report. Management and Finance Report, IST-FP6-034286 SORMA.

Borissov, N.; Nimis, J.; Wirström, N.; Rasmusson, L. 2008
D4.2 - Bid and Offer Generator Prototype. Technical Report. IST-FP6-034286 SORMA.

Borissov, N. 2007
D8.3 - 1st Periodic Management Report. Management and Finance Report, IST-FP6-034286 SORMA.

Borissov, N.; Nimis, J.; Rasmusson, L.; Wirström, N. 2007
D3.2 Decision Rules. Technical Report. IST-FP6-034286 SORMA.